To ensure your safety when traveling, please review the topics below. This information is intended to provide a quick summary only and should be cross-referenced with the Government of Canada’s Bon Voyage, But…: Essential Information for Canadian Travellers booklet. Please reach out to the Safety Abroad team at: email@example.com if you have any questions.
The COVID-19 situation is constantly changing, and the virus continues to circulate in Canada and around the world. Therefore, it is important to research the COVID-19 situation at your destination and to develop contingency plans in case COVID-19 impacts your travel. Safety aboard has developed a checklist of things to consider when preparing for travel during COVID-19:
- What is the COVID-19 situation at your destination? What public health measures do local authorities have in place to reduce risk around COVID-19?
- What are the COVID-19 entry requirements (i.e. testing, vaccination and quarantine requirements) at your destination? Information on entry and exit requirements can be found on your destination countries consulate
- Global Affairs Canada recommends that all travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada, at least 14 days before travelling.
- What plans does your host site/facility/organisation have in place to manage risk around COVID-19?
- Do they have mask or vaccine mandates?
- Do they have a clear plan in case of an outbreak? Is there somewhere to isolate?
- Will there be physical distancing and access to hand sanitizer/hand washing?
- What is your risk management Plan?
- Do you have a plan in place and the the financial resources to isolate should you be impacted by Covid-19 while abroad?
- Will you be able to cover the cost of accommodation or changing your flights should you be impacted by Covid-19?
Before Travelling you should make sure that you have all the required valid travel documents. Some key things to do are:
- Check your expiry dates on Visas and Passports. Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months after your return date and contain empty space for visas and stamps. If there is no space or it will expire before your return you must apply for a new Passport.
- Photocopy your passport's identification page, keep it separate from the original when you travel and get it notarised as a true copy.
Applications for Canadian passports are taking longer than usual at the moment so please apply as early as you can. The most UpToDate information on processing times and how to apply can be found on the Government of Canada website. Canadian Passport application forms can be found:
- On the government of Canada website
- travel agencies
- Service Canada Center
- Canadian embassies, consulates, and high commissions
Lost or Stolen Passports
If your passport is lost or stolen, contact the nearest Canadian mission immediately for a replacement and report the theft to the police. Get a copy of the police report or the report number. To get a replacement:
- Complete an application form.
- Produce written evidence of your Canadian citizenship (e.g. a birth or citizenship certificate).
- Produce a copy of the police report or number.
- Present new photographs.
- Pay the required fee.
Dual citizenship means that you are considered a citizen of both Canada and another country. Find out whether you or any family members are citizens of another country before you leave. Some countries may claim you as a citizen if:
- You were born there.
- One of your parents is a citizen.
- You are considered a citizen under that country's laws.
- There are privileges to having dual citizenship, such as being able to work in some countries without having to get a visa.
- When traveling abroad, you should always travel as a Canadian citizen and use your Canadian passport:
- Not doing so may put serious limitations on our ability to assist you if you encounter difficulties.
- If you are considered a national, you may be forced to do military service or pay special taxes.
- Your Canadian passport guarantees your easy re-entry into Canada.
- To learn more about dual citizenship, visit the Government of Canada’s Dual Citizenship website.
A visa gives you official permission from a foreign government to enter their country and to stay for a specified period of time. Visa formats vary, from a simple stamp in your passport when you enter a country, to an official document with your photograph attached.
You will require a visa to travel to certain countries. Check with your travel agent, or with the country's embassy or consulate in Canada to find out.
Visas can take a few hours to a few weeks/months to obtain. If you are applying for your visa by mail, use registered mail or a courier, as you will have to send your passport with your application. Make sure you include all pertinent items. Forgetting to do so could delay your visa by weeks and you may not receive it in time to travel.
Know the Rules
Be aware of the in-country rules and restrictions governing visas and your length of stay. If you stay after your visa expires, you could be fined, arrested, deported or forced into a lengthy bureaucratic process.
Extra Visa Photos
Take a few extra visa photos with you. They can be invaluable if you try to extend your visa, get a visa for a third country, or do other official business. You can obtain these at photography stores or mall photo booths.
How to get a Visa
Please note: Embassies or high commissions are always located in a nation's capital, while consulates are located in other cities within the host country. A list of foreign consular offices in Ontario is available here.
It is important to visit your doctor before traveling and to ensure you have copies of:
- official record of immunizations
- medical certificates
- your prescriptions (including eye glasses)
Copies should be made and left with the person you give Power of Attorney to give permission to your physician to disclose important medical history to the Department of Foreign Affairs in case of medical emergency.
Official Record of Immunizations
You may be required to show proof of specific immunizations when you enter certain countries. Ask your health-care provider for an official record of your vaccinations before you leave.
See these websites for more information:
- Well on Your Way - A Canadian’s Guide to Healthy Travel Abroad booklet from the Government of Canada
- The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention for required vaccinations by country.
- The World Health Organization International travel and health book for an overview of health and safety concerns.
- Visit a travel clinic, for health risks that you may encounter when travelling, and to find out how to minimize or manage those risks or see a complete list of travel clinics in Toronto.
- International Association for Medical Assistance to Travellers (IAMAT) provides a worldwide directory of qualified English-speaking health care providers, hospitals and health care centres.
It is important to sign a Release of Information with your physician so that if a medical emergency arises abroad, important information about your health may be released as needed to responding attendants such as physicians, hospitals, and Canadian diplomatic staff.
It can be more complicated to manage your money while abroad. Please find below some suggestions for successful financial management while overseas.
Start with researching the cost of living at your destination before you go. Compare this to the cost of living in Toronto and start to build a budget from there. Remember, you will be exposed to many new and different activities, foods, and cultural events. The costs depend largely on the activities you choose the country you are visiting and your personal spending habits. Part of experiencing your program will be participating in these activities therefore it is important to build them into your budget.
Upon arrival at your international destination, you may not have a chance to exchange money at the airport. You will need cash to pay for a taxi, food, porters, etc. You should take about $100 worth of foreign currency with you when you leave Canada. Some banks, however, do not keep a supply of foreign currency on hand and must order it, so plan. You should check currency exchange rates before you leave.
- Before you go abroad, you need to notify your bank and credit card companies of your overseas trip, the length of time you will be abroad and the countries you will be visiting, so service is not cut off or denied as a fraud prevention measure.
- There could be fees for accessing your money while abroad it is important to contact your bank and credit card companies to confirm what charges are involved for withdrawals, transfers, exchange rates, etc.
- Plan to bring at least two cards with you in case one doesn’t work.
- Set up an emergency fund that you can draw from if needed.
Options that may be available to you for accessing money abroad are briefly explained below. We strongly recommend that you have several alternatives.
Automated Teller Machines (ATMs)
In most cities, the simplest way to obtain cash is through an ATM. Withdrawing money through an ATM will give you the best exchange rate for the day. You should check with your bank before leaving Canada to find out where its ATM cards are accepted. In order to use an ATM, you must know your Personal Identification Number (PIN). Some banks assign a different PIN for overseas transactions. Check with your bank to find out which PIN you should use in your destination country. Also, please note that a foreign withdrawal surcharge may apply to your transactions.
Most banks now offer a check debit card rather than a regular ATM card. A check debit card can be used almost anywhere a Visa or MasterCard is accepted. This is a very convenient method to pay for things while abroad. As with any ATM transaction, the best exchange rate for the day is given. Again, you should confirm whether additional fees will apply to transactions overseas.
American Express provides a service called Express Cash for its cardholders. This service allows you to withdraw money from your checking account in Canada via any American Express ATM. American Express has many travel offices and ATMs worldwide. Visit the American Express website for a list of locations.
If you have a large sum of money that you would like to take with you when you leave Canada, you can take it in the form of a cheque issued by your bank suggested in USD. When you open a bank account in your host country, you can deposit the bank cheque. This takes less time to clear (about a week, depending on which country you are in) than a personal check from Canada, which can take several weeks.
Wiring money involves transferring money directly from one bank account to another. Before leaving Canada, it is a good idea to ask your bank if it has a relationship with a particular bank in your host country. If it does, you should open a bank account there. This will make money wiring simpler, and possibly less expensive.
The fee for wiring money is fairly expensive. The person in Canada who is sending you money could pay approximately $30-50 and you will be charged a similar fee upon receiving the money. The benefits of wiring money are that it is safe and quick, especially if you are in an area where there are no ATMs.
One of the most important things you can do to ensure your safety is to research your destination. Start by asking previous travelers to the country of your destination for tips and suggestions for staying safe. Conducting research will help you better understand the health and safety issues you may encounter. Illness, crime, civil unrest, natural disasters and terrorism are issues that might affect your stay. Pay particular attention to the crime issues. While street violence may be rare, mugging and theft can be quite common in larger cities, learn what measures the locals take.
Travelers abroad are subject solely to the laws of the countries they are visiting. You are responsible for obeying all of the laws of the country you are in, regardless of whether you are traveling or a resident. Penalties in some countries are often more severe than in Canada. York University cannot intervene if you are arrested or prosecuted for violation of local laws, including laws on drug use and disturbances of the peace. What may seem to you like a harmless prank may have serious consequences. Do not assume that you will be treated leniently; the opposite is often the case. Do not count on the consulate or embassy to assist you except in a superficial advisory capacity. If you do become involved in any legal problems, notify Safety Abroad.
Drugs and Alcohol
Be aware of the drug and alcohol laws of your host country. Several countries have drug laws that are far more strict than those in Canada. Penalties can range from years in prison to death. Be aware that Canada customs officers are extremely thorough in their inspections for smuggled drugs coming into Canada. If any of your prescription drugs have even small amounts of illegal substances as part of their composition, have your doctor write a note indicating why that drug is in your prescription. Even that small amount could have you arrested in another country.
According to the Association for Safe International Road Travel (ASIRT), 1.3 million people die annually on the roads of the world. It has also been reported that 90 percent of road fatalities occur in developing countries.
Be aware that road crashes are the single highest death rate for travelling abroad (twice as high as homicide).
We recommend before traveling abroad that you contact ASIRT for specific road safety information. The organization produces road safety reports on 160 countries as well as safety word phrases in various languages for students to communicate to drivers.
Road Safety Tips:
- Choose the safest form of transportation in each country.
- Avoid night road travel in countries with poor safety records and/or mountainous terrain.
- Keep a mobile phone with you for emergencies.
- Avoid overcrowded, overweight, and top-heavy buses, minivans and taxis.
Ask the driver to be responsible or disembark at the first safe opportunity.
- Avoid riding with drivers who seem to be under the influence of alcohol or medication, or appear over-tired, irrational, or distracted.
- Ride in vehicles with functioning seat belts.
- Understand local “road culture.”
- Learn about seasonal hazards and local holidays when road accident rates rise.
- Report reckless driving to the bus or taxi company, embassy, and ASIRT.
- In many countries, it is generally safer to hire a highly responsible, well-trained, professional driver than to drive a rental car.
While you are abroad, you will have to be particularly street savvy. Gender roles, traffic laws and drinking laws may be different in each country you visit. As a traveler, it is your responsibility to be observant and cautious. Som tips to follow are:
- Use caution on busy city streets and do not assume that any car, truck, bus, or scooter will stop for you.
- Know where you are going when you leave. Just like in any big city, a foreigner holding a huge map could invite trouble. Take time to study a map before you go out and get to know the city’s layout and culture. Keep a map with you though in case you do get lost.
- Try to blend in with your surroundings; use discretion and common sense in your behavior and dress.
- Learn the cultural norms of where you will be living.
- Be alert, avoid crowds, demonstrations, or other situations that could put you in danger.
- Be aware of the unconscious messages you may give through your posture, gestures, tone of voice, clothing, and eye contact.
- Don’t walk alone or in isolated areas. Always walk home with friends, especially at night. And never let friends go home alone late at night. Safety in numbers is a smart idea wherever you are.
- Be aware that fights can break out late at night or during sporting events. We advise you to avoid restaurants and bars near sports stadiums due to the potential violence that may result.
- Learn basic help phrases in the native language.
In the event that you are the victim of a crime please once you are safe, please report the incident to the local authorities, your host and to Safety Abroad.
Emergency Contact Information for York University
If an emergency happens while overseas you always call York University Campus Security +1 416 736 5333 (24/7) Collect Calls are accepted. Safety Abroad can also be contacted at: firstname.lastname@example.org or Phone: +1 647 338 7602
Research country and Cultural Information
It is recommended that you observe local behaviors and cultural cues. Body language, social mannerisms, and tones of voice are not universal. Your actions may be interpreted very differently than you intended and vice versa. For example, often body language can conflict with what you say, such as smiling while saying no. Be aware of your own mixed signals. It is good to be mindful of how one is perceived, as well as how you can adjust to a new culture and lifestyle.
Review the following websites for helpful country and cultural information:
- Country Travel Advice and Advisories, published by Global Affairs Canada, provides regularly updated information on security, entry and exit requirements, health conditions, local laws and culture, natural disasters and climate, and how to find help when you are there.
- Amnesty International maintains an annual report on the state of the world’s human rights.
- Country Profiles by BBC News.
- CultureGPS is a tool for the iPhone and iPod Touch based on Professor Geert Hofstede's research on national cultures that enables you to analyze visible behavior differences in intercultural encounters and to predict to a certain degree, which interactions evolve when people from different nationalities meet. You can compare 98 countries and 3 regions with each other or with your personal profile. CultureGPS will help you analyze, understand and handle cultural differences in a business context.
- Culture Crossing Guide for cross-cultural etiquette and understanding.
- New Internationalist allows you to explore by topic and region.
- Social Watch works with national groups and reports on the progress towards internationally agreed commitments and goals.
- Some locations have produced websites specific for incoming exchange students: The Hong Kong Institute of Education
Culture shock is a term used to describe the anxiety and feelings (of surprise, disorientation, confusion, etc.) felt when people have to operate within an entirely different cultural or social environment. It is a normal, healthy psychological reaction to the stress of living in a culture different from one’s own. It grows out of the difficulties in assimilating to the new culture, causing difficulty in knowing what is appropriate and what is not.
Due to the abrupt loss of the familiar, culture shock can cause people to feel isolated and very often a diminished sense of self-importance. At times, people develop a strong disgust (moral or aesthetically) about certain aspects of the new culture.
Culture shock will probably affect you one way or another, but it doesn’t last forever. While it may be somewhat painful, it can be a mind-stretching process that will increase your understanding of your host culture and of yourself.
Possible symptoms of culture shock:
- Withdrawal (spending too much time in your room, avoiding host nationals)
- Negative feelings and stereotyping of nationals
- Inability to concentrate
- Excessive sleep or insomnia
- Compulsive eating or drinking
- Lack of appetite
- Irritability and frustration
- Crying uncontrollably or outbursts of anger
- Physical ailments, such as frequent headaches or stomachaches
Coping and adjusting
There are a few things to consider before you go abroad that can make the shock a little less shocking. Research your host country’s traditions on:
- Appropriate dress
- Gift giving
- Topics to avoid discussing
Careful observation, not clouded or skewed by your own cultural presumptions and expectations, will help you develop an understanding of the new culture and will facilitate your inclusion in that culture.
Keep an open mind and a sense of humor. This is one of the key indications of success in a foreign environment. Your adjustment will be much easier and quicker if you remember to be flexible.
Be patient. In some countries bank lines, ticket lines, etc., may take a lot longer than you are accustomed to. Don’t get angry or resentful, just get used to it.
Expect to make some mistakes. Don’t be a perfectionist. Cultures are different and there is no way you can learn everything about the host culture from a book ahead of time.
Be prepared that “efficient” and “quick” may be very different concepts from what you are used to. While everyone likes an idea that works, some cultures value aesthetics over practicality or emphasize the process over the end result. Family ties and social obligations are often given priority over individual needs and wants.
Ways to overcome these feelings:
- Write in a daily journal
- Force yourself to go out and do new things and join new activities
- Develop new friendships
- Share feelings with other foreign students or advisors
- Plan excursions to different parts of the city/country
York University's Code of Student Rights and responsibilities
The Code of Student Rights & Responsibilities is the set of identified values that the York University community is expected to uphold. Full details can be found Here: Code of Student Rights & Responsibilities | Office of Student Community Relations | York University
Legal Matters: Power of Attorney
It is very important that you have someone designated in Canada to act as your Power of Attorney for various purposes. For example, if you lose or have your bank cards stolen, the POA can represent you at your bank, etc.
There are two types of POA: Continuing Power of Attorney and Power of Attorney for Personal Care. Continuing POA would be the representative for you while abroad. POA for Personal Care would make decisions for you if you were unable to do so in a medical situation.
YFS has a lawyer who can you advise you on these matters.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Two-Spirit Travelers
Some cultures do not accept the legitimacy of non-heterosexual relationships. Laws vary from country to country. Students should review Information on the Government of Canada Travel website.
Reverse Culture Shock
Reverse culture shock is usually more difficult than culture shock, simply because you do not expect to have any issues returning home. After maintaining a different lifestyle abroad, you must readjust to your previous life. You’ll be different, your friends will be different, and lots of things will have happened in people’s lives, in the city, and in the country that you will not know about. Returnees are often disappointed about the lack of interest in hearing about their experiences abroad or looking at their photos.
Ways to reduce the effects of reverse culture shock:
- Keep in contact with friends and family while you are away.
- Keep updated on your hometown news and current events.
- Share experience and photos as you go along via email or social media
International Career Options
Students often are interested in a long term international career. One path is to pursue an IMBA degree. Schulich IMBA graduates work in Canada and abroad - in over 40 countries - for multinational corporations, ranging from RBC Financial to Sony and Siemens, and multilateral organizations, such as Medecin Sans Frontieres, the World Bank and the United Nations, as well as smaller entrepreneurial companies.